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Resilience in the Rangeland

Changes and Challenges for Pastoral Communities in Kenya and Ethiopia

This qualitative study aims to gain an understanding of the ability of different individuals in two study sites in northern Kenya and two in southern Ethiopia to cope with or adapt to the risks that they are confronted with, without compromising their long-term prospects; and to examine the extent to which the Regional Resilience Enhancement Against Drought (RREAD) program implemented by CARE Kenya and CARE Ethiopia has supported this ability.

The study found close linkages between a limited ability to manage drought risks – through livestock mobility and access to dry season grazing zones – and conflict. The report also explores the viability of pastoralism as a viable livelihood option and highlights significant processes of change including livestock depletion, deepening poverty and growing differences in households’ wealth status.

The report concludes with a series of recommendations on the Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction approach, on livelihoods diversification and adaptation, and on the cross-border approach.