Mossuril, a district on the north coast of Mozambique, is no stranger to the devastation that comes with cyclones, heavy rains, and strong winds. Most years, storms wreak havoc on this coastal community in Nampula province, and Mossuril’s residents count the cost of damage to roads, bridges and homes, many of which are made of nothing more than woven palm and thatch. Lives are lost and families made homeless.
But the introduction of an early-warning system by CARE together with the Mozambican National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC), is bringing good winds of change to the people of Mossuril. At the first sign of threat to communities, instructions are issued via megaphone warning residents a storm is approaching, advising farmers not to go to the fields and fisherfolk not to take their small boats to sea. Flags are hoisted ensuring all residents are aware of the need to prepare.
Risk and Disaster Management committees made up of local residents from across Mossuril were trained by CARE on emergency evacuation and the identification of safe places for shelter, as well as helping communities prepare for the storm and protect their livelihoods. Each group is equipped with life-saving items including life jackets, ropes and first aid kits.
“I learned how to use a megaphone to alert families to leave their homes and look for safe areas. I use the megaphone to tell people not to go fishing nor to the fields because heavy rains are approaching. To reinforce my message I raise flags that alert the entire community about bad weather.”Mrs. Ramadane Ali, from the village of Nantoa
Last year, CARE and the INGC introduced early warning systems in three districts in Nampula province: Mossuril, Nacala-a-Velha and Memba. Three alert levels were established: blue is issued if the cyclone is anticipated within 48 hours; yellow indicates that the cyclone is imminent and is issued within 24 hours; and red warns residents that the cyclone will take place within 6 hours and to seek shelter in safe places such as schools or hospitals. These levels are determined by the INGC and the message passed on to Risk and Disaster Management committees via text. In each community, CARE has provided cellphones to at least 50 members of Risk and Disaster Management committees to ensure the messages are well received.
Mrs. Anifa Ibraímo is the member of her local Risk and Disaster Management committee tasked with identifying the safest places in her community for residents to seek shelter in an emergency situation.
“People need to know where they should go and how they should proceed at the time of emergency,” Ibraímo says. “During training, we identified evacuation sites with committee members and local leadership.”
Local committee members also advise communities on ways to reduce the risk of damage when disaster strikes. By building houses with clay bricks, homes are better able withstand strong winds.
“In the past when we built, we would place only wooden stakes and clay, and when it rained heavily, our houses would be destroyed immediately,” explains Mr. Levane João. “But now we use burned blocks, and reinforce the house with wooden stakes.”
This year, when heavy rains and strong winds hit Mossuril, Nacala-a-Velha and Memba districts, communities were prepared. Committees sprang in to action, initiating the early warning system and warning residents of approaching storms.
Mozambique is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to cyclones and storms. But for the people of Mossuril, CARE’s early warning system has brought winds of change – and peace of mind.
“Before, we did not sleep at night during the rainy season fearing how and when the rain would come to devastate everything and everyone,” says Mrs. Amina Essaica, a resident from the village of Nifique-Nicule, in Mossuril district. “But now we believe we will hear the megaphone sound before the rains and we will have time to save our lives and our goods.”