Global Goal on Adaptation: From Concept to Practice
CARE, ActionAid, and WWF have released a new report:
This report contains recommendations in order to significantly advance action under the Global Goal on Adaptation by 2018, a key international climate policy moment; this is essential to build resilience for the poorest and most vulnerable people, communities, ecosystems, and countries. Amongst others, the report introduces the concept of the Global Goal on Adaptation and recommends a set of actions in the areas of National Adaptation Planning, climate finance, and capacity building. The Global Goal on Adaptation (GGA) was established in the Paris Agreement with the aim of “enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the global temperature goal.” The establishment of the GGA was widely supported as part of the strategy to increase focus on adaptation in the Agreement.
CARE demands the climate talks, specifically at COP22 in Marrakech, follow through on leaders’ promises in the Paris Agreement to protect people and their livelihoods, and ecosystems from increasingly severe climate impacts. The climate crisis we face today is a result of historical greenhouse gas emissions primarily from developed countries and already posing an unjust burden on developing countries.
In this report, CARE, ActionAid and WWF make nine key recommendations, aimed at accelerating adaptation action in preparation for 2018, which is a significant political milestone for the climate policy agenda. This ambitious timeline is necessary to support urgent implementation to safeguard the most vulnerable and fulfilling towards the objective of GGA. In addition, progress on adaptation can contribute towards creating momentum for other UNFCCC processes taking place that year.
- Accelerate development and implementation of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs): All developing countries should prepare, with support as needed, participatory and gender-responsive NAPs. The NAPs must be submitted to the UNFCCC by early 2018 in order to input into the NAP assessment process that year, as mandated by COP21. Countries should undertake steps to improve the coherence of their policy and institutional frameworks, as well as coordination across sectors to foster an integrated approach to adaptation and climate resilience, including explicit linkages and synergies with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and SFDRR, where appropriate.
- Assess capacity gaps: By 2018, all developing countries should have available assessments of their existing capacity and projected gaps to develop adaptation strategies and meet adaptation needs, with clear requirement of international support to be provided. This process should in particular inform the replenishment of the GCF and the NAPs assessment process.
- Enhance capacity building for adaptation: The newly formed Paris Committee on Capacity Building must prioritise in its first activities addressing capacity constraints related to adaptation planning in developing countries, including converting the conditional elements of the NDCs into fundable projects. This should include elaboration of the content, approaches and actions needed to strengthen adaptive capacity and achieve ongoing and effective adaptation.
- Advance metrics and indicators for the GGA: Based on work conducted by the AC and the LEG, the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) should develop proposals for metrics and indicators to operationalize the GGA by 2018. These should address the adequacy and effectiveness of action and support in an inclusive and participatory manner. This should take into account the capacities of developing countries, as well as synergies with other relevant processes such as the SDGs and SFDRR.
- Streamlined adaptation communication: By 2017, the Ad-hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA) should develop guidance for a streamlined communication process to assist developing countries in effectively and efficiently managing their adaptation planning, addressing monitoring challenges, as well as meeting reporting requirements. This should take into account the different roles of NDCs (forward looking), NAPs (in conjunction with NDC implementation roadmaps) and National Communications (backward looking) as well as synergies with the SDGs and SFDRR.
- Review of existing adaptation institutions: The review of adaptation-related institutional arrangements to be undertaken in 2017, as mandated by COP21, should be completed with the view to addressing the existing gaps and future needs to ensure the successful operationalisation of the GGA.
- Ensure funding for priority actions: Developed countries must provide sufficient funding to developing countries, and in particular to LDCs, by 2018 to support the implementation of remaining National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) projects and/or other immediate priorities as identified in NDCs, or NAPs, to reduce the adaptation gap urgently.
- Meeting the adaptation needs of developing countries: SBSTA, by 2018, should develop various adaptation scenarios for a range of possible temperature scenarios, taking into account the IPCC special report on 1.5°C. A mechanism should be developed to trigger support for adaptation corresponding to the most likely scenario in light of likely emission trajectories based on existing pledges and the impacts thereof.
- Setting science based adaptation finance target: An adaptation finance target for 2025 must be set by no later than 2018, to ensure that adequate support is provided to developing countries to implement their adaptation plans. The support must be based on a scientific analysis, needs to adapt to global warming impact scenarios and levels of realized mitigation ambition, and should be provided by developed countries taking into account their historical responsibilities.