Madagascar is renowned for its biological diversity, which is now threatened by serious ecological problems including deforestation and soil erosion as well as increased impacts of climate change. CARE Madagascar works with poor communities to increase food production and improve their ability to earn a living without reducing natural resources. Projects have been introduced to protect both the marine environment of coastal regions and the long-term livelihoods of nearby villages. CARE has also designed projects to help farmers replace slash-and-burn techniques with more sustainable practices for managing the forest resources.

Madagascar is affected by diverse and frequent natural disasters. Cyclones and storms regularly cause flooding, which has severe impacts on the agricultural development of the country. Household food and nutrition security is also threatened by crop losses due to disasters. CARE’s teams work with local people to identify and address vulnerabilities based on local traditional knowledge and methods developed by CARE. The risks related to natural disasters are mitigated through contingency plans and building stronger infrastructures.

Over the last 10 years, CARE Madagascar has supported local authorities and communities in the development of community-level disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies, through the analysis of community vulnerability to cyclones and flood risks as well as the development of risk reduction plans. Learning from CARE’s DRR programs has influenced Madagascar’s 2015 National Disaster Risk Management policy, which is much more focused on DRR measures before disasters, compared to the old (2003) policy which was more focused on post-disaster actions.