Published | 25th December 2017

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Livelihoods for Resilience Activity: Resilience Strategy

CARE Ethiopia along with partners Agri Service Ethiopia (ASE), the Organization for Rehabilitation and Development in Amhara (ORDA), the Relief Society of Tigray (REST), and SNV-USA is implementing the Livelihoods for Resilience Activity (hereafter, Livelihoods for Resilience). Livelihoods for Resilience works in 27 woredas in Tigray, Amhara, and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Regions, with a goal of contributing significantly to reduced food insecurity and increased resilience for chronically food insecure households in highland areas. The purpose is to enable 97,900 chronically food-insecure households enrolled in the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) to graduate from the PSNP with long-term resilience. The purpose of the project can be broken down into four key elements:

  1. Members of PSNP households have increased capacities for undertaking resilient livelihoods
  2. PSNP households have economically viable and resilient livelihood portfolios
  3. An enabling environment supports resilient livelihoods for PSNP households
  4. Collaboration, learning and adaptive management processes enhance, scale up, or facilitate replication of impact

Livelihoods for Resilience builds on the evidence and successes of the Graduation with Resilience to Achieve Sustainable Development (GRAD) Project. The project refines and scales up the successful elements of GRAD while also introducing new approaches. Key among these is the increased focus on resilience, which is at the center of the Livelihoods for Resilience theory of change. This focus is based on the understanding that food-insecure households are operating in a context of increasing risk and uncertainty, and that the gains achieved through project activities will only be sustained if people are able to anticipate, absorb, and adapt to shocks and stresses. It also recognizes the role of systems, including economic, government and social systems, in enabling people to be resilient and creating opportunities for transformation.

This document describes the Livelihoods for Resilience strategy for building resilience of its targeted households. It provides an overview of key concepts as they are understood by the project, and describes the domains of change that comprise the resilience approach. It also describes the key project approaches and activities, and analyzes their potential to contribute to resilience. The strategy recognizes that resilience is a cross-cutting issue and identifies key issues for consideration, especially related to climate change, across the different approaches and key activities in order to maximize the contribution to resilience. Finally, it identifies questions related to the resilience approach that may be incorporated in the project’s learning agenda. The aim of the strategy is to provide the Livelihoods for Resilience technical team and partners with guidance to integrate resilience thinking into all relevant aspects of project implementation.

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