Community Adaptation Action Planning in Embu County, Kenya
This document has additional learning points relating to the practical facilitation of CAAPs and outlines findings on climate change vulnerability and community adaptation action planning in Iria-Itune, Kamarandi, Mutwabare and Ntharawe communities, Mbeere North and South, Embu, Kenya from 2015-2016.
At the heart of these practical approaches, at community level, is a participatory planning process – Community Adaptation Action Planning or CAAP – which consists of steps to 1) generate a good understanding, among community representatives and local leaders, of climate change vulnerability and adaptive capacities present in the area and 2) prioritise challenges and develop an action plan to address them. Step-by-step guidance on this process can be found in Practitioner Brief 1: Adaptation Planning with Communities. This report provides an overview of the findings, results and learnings from these exercises as they were conducted in four communities in Embu in 2015 and 2016.
Having worked in Garissa between 2010 and 2015, ALP began its work in Embu in October 2015, in four communities: Iria Itune, Kamarandi, Mutwabare and Nthaware, which are located in the Mbeere North and Mbeere South Sub-counties, in an area characterized by high poverty rates and vulnerability to climate change impacts. ALP’s approach to CBA in the four communities has focused, to a large extent, on Community Adaptation Action Planning, which entails a situational analysis process called “Gender-Sensitive Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment” (GCVCA) as well as a process to design the Community Adaptation Action Plans themselves. ALP’s wider effort to strengthen community capacity to adapt to the above climatic and environmental changes includes other steps toward increased local institutional and government capacity to support communities in the face of climate change. This publication presents a brief overview of the process. It is followed by the conclusions drawn from the GCVCA exercises and the outcomes of the Community Adaptation Action Planning exercises conducted in the four communities.