CARE CBA framework (Community Based Adaptation)

CARE promotes Community-Based Adaptation to climate change because we believe it to be a highly effective approach, for the following reasons:

  • Generating adaptation strategies with communities and other local stakeholders improves the uptake and sustainability of the process because communities develop a strong sense of ownership and their priorities are met.
  • Enhancing communities’ awareness and understanding of climate change and uncertainty enables them to create responsive plans and make more flexible and context-appropriate decisions.
  • Embedding new knowledge and understanding into existing community structures expands and strengthens those structures as well as institutional mechanisms.


CARE’s Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) Framework describes a range of enabling factors (climate-resilient livelihoods, disaster risk reduction (DRR), local adaptive and organisational capacity development, an enabling national policy environment, a good knowledge of climate change, and the addressing of underlying causes of vulnerability) that need to be in place for effective community-based adaptation to occur. These enabling factors are achieved through the use of four interrelated strategies:

  • promotion of climate-resilient livelihoods strategies
  • disaster risk reduction strategies to reduce the impact of hazards on vulnerable households
  • capacity development for local civil society and government institutions
  • advocacy and social mobilisation to address the underlying causes of vulnerability

In addition, the CBA framework emphasises the use of climate information, and the uncertain nature of climate risk, in guiding project/community decision-making as the critical distinguishing features of adaptation work. The framework includes a list of potential milestones and indicators for use in CBA projects.


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