Building adaptive communities through integrated programming: CARE Ethiopia’s experience with Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA)
Rainfall variability and increasing temperatures over the recent years have resulted in increased vulnerability in the already fragile Ethiopian environment. Rainfall patterns are fluctuating both in the long-term and short-term significantly threatening Ethiopia’s growth and transformation into a middle-income economy.
Climate change is prompting re-evaluation of existing development strategies and new flexible models that allow programmes to respond to the real and changing needs of rural populations are needed. One example is CARE’s approach to local stakeholder analysis. CARE applies participatory values, processes and methods, to enable communities to articulate and enhance their own knowledge and understanding, and to plan actions accordingly.
The Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA) methodology helps communities and facilitating organisations to understand the implications of climate change for lives and livelihoods. By combining local knowledge with scientific data, the process builds people’s understanding about climate risks and sustainable adaptation strategies. It provides a framework for dialogue within communities, as well as between communities and other stakeholders. Recognising that local actors must drive their own development, CVCA prioritises local knowledge on climate risks and adaptation strategies in the data gathering and response planning process. The CVCA methodology in Ethiopia has been used and adapted to increase understanding among stakeholders, gather and analyse information to design climate change adaptation initiatives, and integrate climate change adaptation issues into livelihoods and natural resource management programmes.
This paper was prepared for the “Symposium on Climate Change Adaptation in Africa”. It presents CARE Ethiopia’s experience of promoting climate change adaptation through building communities’ and partners’ capacities on using a range of adaptation approaches, more specifically CVCA.