Adaptation Learning Programme for Africa (ALP)
The Adaptation Learning Program (ALP) for Africa aims to increase the capacity of vulnerable households in sub-Saharan Africa to adapt to increasing and uncertain climate change and climate variability. Since 2010, ALP has been working with communities, government institutions and civil society organisations in Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique and Niger with outreach to other African countries.
ALP develops innovative community-based adaptation (CBA) approaches and strategies with farming and pastoralist communities, and promotes their integration into local and national government systems and programmes. Adoption at scale is achieved by generating evidence of impact and good practices for CBA, building capacity and influencing development and adaptation policy and finance nationally and globally. ALP work focuses on gender equality, strengthening adaptive capacity, access to useful climate information, multi-stakeholder decision-making and facilitation of learning for climate resilient agriculture, risk reduction and resilience across Africa.
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For more information on ALP, email: email@example.com
Overview of ALP Programme
The Adaptation Learning Programme (ALP) for Africa is implemented by CARE International with financial support between 2010 and 2017 from UK Aid from the Department for International Development, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland, the Austrian Development Cooperation and the Danish CISU Climate and Environment Fund. An external evaluation in 2015 confirmed ALP is having a positive impact on the lives of those people who are most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and is an influential programme shaping adaptation practice in Africa and beyond. From 2015 onwards ALP is:
- Innovating approaches for strengthening adaptive capacity, resilience, and gender equality, including access to climate information.
- Demonstrating scaling up of good practice for integrating Community Based Adaptation (CBA) into small-holder agriculture, local development planning and disaster risk reduction (DRR) systems.
- Influencing access and accountability of adaptation finance by national governments, civil society organisations and Africa regional initiatives
- Delivering a strong evidence base of CBA impact and value for money together with learning and training opportunities for multiple actors across Africa
Community Based Adaptation: An empowering approach for climate resilient development and risk reduction
This short brief demonstrates how community based adaptation is an invaluable and essential component of the vision for resilience across Africa. The paper provides greater clarity on what CBA looks like and how it can add value to disaster risk reduction and sustainable development by drawing on the lessons learnt by ALP over the last four years across four countries and through demonstrating some practical approaches to CBA which can be adopted and scaled up.
CBA Planning with Communities – Practitioner Brief
A brief describing the community based adaptation action planning (CAAP) process using practical examples from ALP experience in Ghana and Niger. It describes how to use climate vulnerability and capacity assessments (CVCAs) to inform a participatory community planning process. The community plans focus on livelihoods and natural resource issues, but the CAAP process can apply to all climate sensitive sectors, for example health, education, energy, or social protection.
Strengthening Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change – Practitioner Brief
There is a general recognition that adaptive capacity is an effective way of building people’s ability to prepare for, withstand, and respond to the impacts of climate change. But what does it really look like in practice, how can it be strengthened, and how can its contribution to resilience be measured? Drawing on more than five years of learning on community based adaptation across four countries, the Adaptation Learning Programme (ALP) has produced several publications that attempt to address these issues. The fourth in ALP’s series of Practitioner Briefs explains why and how strengthening adaptive capacity is a key condition for effective adaptation.
Adaptation Strategies Compendium
This compendium presents the range of different adaptation strategies – livelihood and risk reduction activities resulting from participation in CBA approaches that are supported by ALP in communities across the four countries where the programme is working. For each strategy evidence and lessons are provided from successful implementation and impacts in reducing vulnerability and building adaptive capacity in different contexts in Africa.
Community Based Adaptation – Experiences from Africa: Joto Afrika 11
Community based adaptation (CBA) is an increasingly popular approach to support vulnerable communities to adapt to the impacts of climate change. This Joto Afrika introduces CBA approaches implemented by ALP in Mozambique, Kenya, Ghana and Niger.
Integrating Community Based Adaptation into Local Government Planning: Joto Afrika 13
Many governments are facing challenges on how, practically, to integrate adaptation to climate change into local planning despite being convinced of the need. This Joto Afrika presents some initial successes in Ghana, Niger and Kenya.
Facing Uncertainty – Using Climate Information
This brief explains why and how climate information is a valuable resource for informing responses to climate variability and change. Based on lessons from ALP and national meteorological services in Ghana, Kenya and Niger it demonstrates how climate information can inform decision making, planning and policy development and ensure results are climate resilient.
Participatory Scenario Planning (PSP)
This brief explains how the PSP process works and how it is enabling vulnerable communities to make decisions, which support climate resilient livelihoods and risk reduction.
Climate communication for adaptation: Joto Afrika 12
Climate communication and information services are an essential component for enabling adaptive capacity and effective adaptation. The articles in this issue of Joto Afrika reflect the experiences from a range of programmes implemented by: ALP in Kenya, Ghana and Niger; and Christian Aid; the Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) and IGAD’s Climate Predictions and Applications Centre (ICPAC) all in Kenya.
Building multi-stakeholder processes for climate change adaptation in sub-saharan Africa
Case study from Kenya on how ALP is supporting communities and local governments to use seasonal climate forecasts and information on climatic uncertainty for decision-making, through the Participatory Scenario Planning (PSP) approach.
Community Based Adaptation and Gender Analysis Practitioner Brief
Good analysis of local gender dynamics to inform community-based adaptation does not have to be a complicated science. This practical brief seeks to unpack why, where and how gender analysis fits into the community-based adaptation process, providing an introduction and pointing to key resources. It seeks to demystify the challenge by breaking the process of “integrating gender” into a set of three key practices and providing guiding principles and useful resources for each one of them. It seeks to motivate and empower local practitioners to make better efforts to understand and respond to gender dynamics when doing local climate change adaptation planning.
Gender dynamics in a changing climate: How gender and adaptive capacity affect resilience
This brief synthesises learning about gender dynamics and the role of Community Based Adaptation (CBA) in increasing adaptive capacity and promoting gender equality based on ALP’s practical experience of designing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating CBA activities in Kenya, Ghana, Mozambique and Niger between 2010 – 2015. It highlights knowledge gaps and recommendations for climate change adaptation programming and national and global policy.
Gender Equality and Adaptation
This background note on the Adaptation Learning Programme’s effort to promote learning on gender equality and women’s empowerment in community-based adaptation serves as a summary of key points and an introduction to ALP’s gender work.
Why mainstreaming gender into community based climate adaptation is a priority: Joto Afrika 9
This special edition of Joto Afrika provides insights and learning from the ‘Gender and Community-based Adaptation Learning Workshop’, held in Ghana in August 2011, which brought together 42 gender and community-based adaptation practitioners from 12 government, UN and civil society organisations in Ghana, Niger, Morocco, Kenya and Mozambique to discuss good practice principles and methods for integrating gender equality into CBA processes in Africa.
Gender and Community-Based Adaptation Workshop Communiqué
This communiqué summarises the outcomes of discussions between 40 participants from 12 organisations and institutions working on climate change adaptation in Africa who participated in a learning workshop on Gender and Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) in Ghana in 2011 hosted by ALP.
Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation to Climate Change – Practitioner Brief
This brief describes a climate-integrated Community-based Early Warning System implemented by ALP in Dakoro, Niger, in which community-based adaptation and disaster risk reduction (DRR) come together in response to a context of chronic vulnerability, recurring emergencies and increasingly unpredictable and extreme weather events associated with climate change. It provides a rationale for the approach, including an overview of the associated benefits and challenges, as well as the key practical elements and lessons learned through implementation.
Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity: Synthesis and Lessons from Ghana, Kenya and Niger
This report provides a synthesis of findings from climate change vulnerability and capacity analysis (CVCA) conducted by ALP with communities and other actors in Ghana, Kenya and Niger. It draws out learning from these processes in relation to the dynamics of vulnerability and adaptive capacity and the value of participatory analysis as the foundation for CBA. It discusses the implications of the learning, providing recommendations for CBA in Africa and beyond.
Kenya Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity Report
A new report outlining the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of communities in Garissa county in north eastern Kenya based on participatory research conducted by ALP in 2011. The document explores the impact of climate change on the livelihoods of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in the arid and semi arid lands and highlights the existing adaptive capacity within communities and the barriers that constrain people’s ability to put this capacity into action.
Ghana Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity Report
This report explores the vulnerabilities of agricultural communities to climate change impacts in East Mamprusi and Garu Tempane districts, part of northern Ghana’s Guinea Savannah and Sudan Savanna respectively. It goes further to discover their inherent and growing capacity to adapt to the changes and uncertainties they are facing. The report draws from a series of vulnerability and capacity and gender analysis studies conducted in 2010 by the Adaptation Learning Programme implemented by CARE International, as well as from ongoing work supporting community based adaptation.
Niger Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity Report
This report explores the vulnerability of pastoral communities in the department of Dakoro in Niger and highlights the inherent adaptive capacity within these communities to respond to and manage the changes posed by climate change. The analysis has served to increase understanding of the dynamics of vulnerability and the necessary conditions to increase adaptive capacity in the targeted communities which has informed ALP’s work in Niger and provides a basis for recommendations for policy and practice for CBA in Dakoro and beyond.
Community based adaptation to climate change strengthens pastoralists’ resilience: Joto Afrika 14
This special edition of Joto Afrika edited by guest editor Pablo Manzano from IUCN Commission of Ecosystem Management presents learning from new innovative adaptation initiatives in Kenya, Niger and Ethiopia, which combined with effective traditional approaches are enabling communities living in arid lands to develop resilient livelihoods despite the climatic uncertainties they face.
Adaptation to climate change and achieving resilience in East and Southern African drylands: Joto Afrika 15
This special issue of Joto Afrika from the East and Southern Africa Learning Event on CBA and resilience hosted by ALP, CCAFS and ICIPE in Ethiopia in 2014, shares the conference outcomes, policy messages and success stories drawn from participants’ experiences in CBA and resilience in the region.
The Economics of Community Based Adaptation
This brief summarises the findings from research conducted by the New Economics Foundation on behalf of CARE International in Garissa, north eastern Kenya, which found that, investing in community based adaptation makes strong economic sense, even in a volatile and evolving economic context.
Managing Uncertainty: An economic evaluation of community-based adaptation in Dakoro, Niger.
A report carried out for CARE by NEF Consulting which shows that Community Based Adaptation (CBA) is both an effective and cost-efficient approach to supporting communities to adapt to the impacts of climate change.
Counting on Uncertainty: The economic case for community based adaptation in North-East Kenya
This report introduces research conducted by the UK economics think tank New Economics Foundation (NEF) on behalf of CARE, which found that investing in community based adaptation in the arid and semi arid north eastern area of Kenya makes strong economic sense, even in a volatile and evolving economic context.
Technical Annexes (English only)
Cost Benefit Analysis Guidelines
NEF Consulting have worked with CARE to produce simplified guidelines for conducting cost benefit analysis of climate change adaptation projects. This tool is designed to help build the capacity of local governments and NGOs to undertake cost-benefit analyses, by presenting a simple evaluative framework. It focuses primarily on climate change adaptation interventions, but can also be useful for appraising and evaluating development projects more broadly (e.g. health interventions, education programmes and others.)
An excel spreadsheet template to carry out a cost benefit analysis is also available to download.
For further information about how to use this model, please contact us: firstname.lastname@example.org
ALP Results, Outcomes and Impacts Report – 2010-2015
This report demonstrates what ALP has achieved over the five and a half years of implementation across the four countries where it operates and how the programme outcomes have had an impact on ALP’s overall goal, ‘to increase the capacity of vulnerable households in sub-Saharan Africa to adapt to climate variability and change’. It provides examples of impacts through individual profiles of the four ALP countries and reflects on the importance of learning, collaborative relationships and policy influence in the adoption and up-scaling of CBA in ALP countries and across Africa. Finally, insights from ALP experience are used to share some ideas for the way forward for practical adaptation and resilience building programmes.
East and Southern Africa Learning Event on Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) and Resilience, 2014
ALP, together with CGIAR’s research programme on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and ICIPE’s CHIESA programme hosted 83 participants from over 50 organisations, and 11 countries in East and Southern Africa in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for 4 days to deliberate on trends and challenges in the region’s drylands. This event communique is the collective outcome, conveying messages on the need to develop effective approaches to community based adaptation (CBA) and to secure resilient and productive livelihoods for vulnerable communities living in the region’s drylands, in the face of an uncertain and changing climate.
Read the full conference report.
West Africa Learning Event on CBA, 2013
72 participants from a diverse range NGOs, research and Government organisations spanning across 12 West African countries came together in September 2013 at the West Africa Learning Event in Conotou, Benin, hosted by CARE’s Adaptation Learning Program in partnership with the CGIAR CCAFS Program and ENDA. This learning event provided a space for social learning on good adaptation practices. Participants collectively identified new knowledge and ideas about what it takes in practice to adapt to climate change impacts and risks in different West African contexts. A communiqué and full conference report are available in French and English.
Gender and Community-Based Adaptation Workshop, 2011
Over 40 participants from 12 organisations and institutions working on climate change adaptation in Africa participated in a learning workshop on Gender and Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) in Ghana. The event was organized and supported by ALP and brought together gender and climate change practitioners from the four countries where ALP is working – Mozambique, Kenya, Niger and Ghana as well as France, Denmark, Austria and Morocco.
Through the workshop and community visits to Farfar, Saamini, Zambulgu and Kugri communities in Northern and Upper East regions, the participants deliberated on the gender related issues that impact on successful adaptation to climate change and the methods available for mainstreaming gender into CBA. A communiqué is available that summarises their findings.
Community Digital Story Telling (CDST) Guidelines
These guidelines were developed in collaboration with communities from the four countries where ALP is working on community based adaptation. The approach has been used by ALP as a tool for participatory monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and advocacy, in order to support communities to reflect on the progress and outcomes of the adaptation programme, and to advocate for changes needed to support them to successfully adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The methodology can equally be used to support community participation in reflecting on any issue or development programme intervention and is not specific to climate change adaptation.